Fire alarm systems come in many forms and fire alarm installation differs as does fire alarm servicing and fire alarm maintenance. Each type has its own fire alarm panel, fire alarm installation, fire alarm servicing and fire alarm maintenance requirements. As fire alarm systems differ so do fire alarm installation, fire alarm servicing and fire alarm maintenance requirements.
A fire alarm panel is generally made from an aluminum shell, with optional fire alarm insulation.The main international standard for fire alarm systems is BS 195839 Pt1: 2021. This guidance contains detailed descriptions of the various components that go into making a fire alarm system, together with key considerations for designing and installing the system.
The key considerations are designed to highlight and document the potential hazards and risks of fire alarm systems, with the aim of encouraging fire alarm installation and fire alarm maintenance. These dangers and risks include; fire alarm component failure, fire alarm notification failure, fire alarm response failure, fire alarm notification timing failure, fire alarm false alarm indication, fire alarm disconnection and fire alarm switch down.
Emergency voice alarm communication systems
It should be noted that fire alarm systems may be subject to fire alarm compliance requirements, depending on your business or premises.In the UK, fire alarm systems are governed by certain regulations, namely the British Standard BS 58 Compliance Standard for fire alarm systems. These regulations require fire alarm systems to meet certain minimum standards, including; training provision, fire alarm installation and fire alarm maintenance.
Fire alarm systems in the UK are required by law to provide a high level of fire protection for premises that are inhabited by people, and to comply with fire alarm installation and maintenance standards. Most fire alarm systems are linked to an external fire alarm company, who provides fire alarm monitoring.The fire alarm systems requirements in the UK also include fire alarm systems that incorporate smoke detectors.
Smoke detectors can vary greatly in terms of quality and fire resistance, and there are several fire alarm companies that offer smoke detectors that will meet all levels of fire protection. The fire alarm companies that you contact will be able to advise you on the best fire alarm systems for your premises. You will be able to choose between single smoke detectors, or a range of smoke detectors, and/or fire alarms that incorporate both smoke and heat detectors.
Some fire alarm systems have integrated heat detectors, and fire alarm systems that incorporate both heat and smoke detectors, and have a combined solution that will offer the best protection for your premises.Fire protection is essential from a fire safety point of view, and it is important to ensure that the fire alarm systems installed will provide a high level of fire detection coverage.
A fire detection and fire alarm system is not just an item of kit, it must be regularly maintained by trained fire safety officers. If the fire alarm systems are not regularly serviced by a fire officer, they are not providing a high level of fire protection. Regular servicing will ensure that there is no excessive wear and tear on fire alarm equipment, and that the fire protection levels are at their optimum.
In some fire alarm companies, fire protection officers may be called as a part of a fire alarm servicing service, although this should be arranged by your fire alarm installation company.Regular fire alarm systems maintenance is essential to ensure that the fire alarm systems work as efficiently as possible, and to minimize any safety risks to staff and property. One of the main fire alarm systems maintenance tasks is checking the operation of the system components.
This includes checking that the fire alarm panel has been correctly installed and if smoke detectors have been integrated within the panel. A good fire alarm panel will be easily recognizable from fire alarm smoke detectors, so fire detectors must all be in a similar design.There are two main fire alarm systems technologies currently in use. The first is analogue addressable fire alarm systems, which consist of a number of detectors that emit a signal when a fire is detected.
Fire alarm systems explained
This technology was found to be very effective in fire protected properties such as restaurants and offices, however it has not been as successful in protecting residential properties. The fire alarm system is connected to a central fire control unit (CFU), which controls the generation of the fire alarm sound. The primary weakness of this technology is that it only detects smoke and not fire, which means that a fire alarm can be false-filled in cases where a fire is not actually starting.The second technology currently being used in fire alarm systems is digitally-enhanced digital fire alarm systems.
Digital fire alarm systems are more effective than its analogue equivalent because they are digitally enhanced and produce an audible fire alarm sound, when a fire alarm sensor detects fire. Digital fire control systems are now becoming more widely available, but the main issues that have been identified with these systems are that the audible fire alarm sounds are usually not strong enough to scare most fire victims and that fire damage can easily be reduced by fire restoration companies, who then clean up the fire hazards.
Fireproof building materials and other fireproof devices are still required to comply with fire safety standards. These fire protection requirements continue to evolve and will be updated as the fire risk factors associated with specific fire protection systems change.